Санкт-Петербург – Шлиссельбург (крепость Орешек) – Старая Ладога – Свирьстрой – Мандроги – Вытегра – Череповец – Дубна – Москва
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Saint PetersburgLearn more
Peter and Paul Cathedral is justly regarded one of the main attractions of Peter and Paul Fortress. It was built in 1712–1733 as the main cathedral of St Petersburg, new capital of the Russian Empire. Designed in Baroque style by Dominico Trezzini, it combines typical features of West-European and Italian church architecture. It is rectangular in shape, with the dome on the eastern end and a belfry with a 402 feet high spire on the western entrance.
The interior decoration of the Cathedral is foreign for the Russian religious architecture tradition as well. Peter and Paul Cathedral is a hall church, with nave and side aisles of approximately equal height, united under a single immense roof. The space of the cathedral is divided in three parts by pillars, painted to imitate marble. The vaults of the cathedral are decorated with multicolored fresco paintings and gilded moldings. The cathedral is lit though twelve large windows. It became one of the first cathedrals in Russia, decorated with paintings, along with the icons. It was by no means the influence of the European tradition.
Artists will appreciate the wooden gilded Baroque iconostasis, designed by Ivan Zarudny and carved by Moscow craftsmen in the 1720s. The iconostasis contains 43 original icons of the eighteenth century. The central part of the iconostasis is designed in the form of the triumphal arch that spans the Royal Doors and rises into the space beneath the dome to a height of almost twenty meters. Near the iconostasis are a pulpit to the left, and the Tsar's Place to the right, a special spot where the emperor stood when there was a service.
Peter and Paul Cathedral is the symbolic center of Russia because it is the burial place of many of the imperial family. For two hundred years all Russian rulers from Peter I to Nicolas II (except Peter II and Ivan VI) and their families were buried here. The locations of the graves are marked by sarcophagi made of white Carrara marble. The lids of the tombs are decorated with large bronze cross coated in pure gold, tombs of the rulers have four bronze emblems of the Russian Empire at four corners. Sarcophagi of Emperor Alexander II and his wife Maria Alexandrovna were replaced by those made of green Altai jasper and pink Urals rhodonite in 1906. The remains of the last Russian Emperor Nicolas II and members of his family, who were shot under the town of Ekaterinburg by local Bolsheviks on 17 July 1918, were buried in the Catherine’s Chapel of Peter and Paul Cathedral on 17 July 1998.
In 1908 Grand Ducal Burial Chapel, designed by David Grimm, Anton Tomishko and Leonty Benois, was added to the cathedral as a burial place for Grand Dukes and Duchesses. From 1908 to 1915 thirteen persons were interred there, eight burials were transferred from Peter and Paul Cathedral. In 1992 great-grandson of Alexander II Vladimir Kirillovich Romanov was buried in the Chapel, which opened a new page in the history of the burials in the Peter and Paul Fortress. In 1995 the remains of his parents were transferred here. On June 3, 2010 his wife Leonida Georgievna Romanova, nee Bagration-Mukhranskaya, was laid to rest here.
The monumental power and beauty of St. Petersburg amazes at any time of the year. Travelers will get acquainted with the history of the city, the construction of which was started by Emperor Peter I in 1703. The main road artery of the city is Nevsky Prospekt with a length of 4.5 km. It connects the Admiralty and the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. Here, the Singer House, crowned with a glass dome and a sphere in the form of a globe, Stroganov and Anichkov palaces, as well as temples of the XVIII-XX centuries, peacefully coexist. Perhaps the most famous of them are the Kazan Cathedral, similar to St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome, and St. Isaac's Cathedral. For many years now, tourists have been climbing to its observation deck, which for more than 150 years has been the highest in the center of St. Petersburg. Travelers are also impressed by the majestic columns, sculptures, bas-reliefs and unique interior decoration of the cathedrals. The tour will continue on the Palace Square with the towering Alexandrian Column, the main building of the famous Hermitage and the grand triumphal arch of the General Staff building. From the spit of Vasilievsky Island with its rostral columns, an amazing panorama of the city will open with a view of the Peter and Paul Fortress, the Hermitage and drawbridges, known all over the world.
Enjoy a morning tour at the world-renowned State Hermitage Museum. Celebrating its 250th anniversary in 2014, the museum buildings has over three million artefacts including paintings, sculptures and archaeological finds. Works of art are spread across several buildings with the heart of the collection located in the Winter Palace - former state residence of the Russian Tsars. Be sure to collect a free colour map at the information kiosk and continue exploring this incredible attraction at leisure after the guided tour.
Staraya LadogaLearn more
The heart of Staraya Ladoga is an old fortress where the Yelena River flows into the Volkhov. In earlier times, it was a strategic site because it was the only possible harbor for sea-vessels that could not navigate through the Volkhov River. The fortress was rebuilt at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1703, Peter the Great founded the town of Novaya Ladoga (New Ladoga) closer to the bank of Lake Ladoga. The ancient fortress thenceforth declined and came to be known as Staraya Ladoga (Old Ladoga), in order to distinguish it from the new town. The reconstruction of one of the towers of Staraya Ladoga's fortress was scheduled to be completed in 2010.
You will learn why it was here that Emperor Peter I ordered the construction of a shipyard and what role the city played in the fate of St. Petersburg, why Catherine II gave Vytegra the name by which we know it today, and how the Mariinsky Canal, the first gateway of which was built in Vytegra, forever changed the shipping system of Russia.
The Information Center of the Metallurgical Industry is a new project of Severstal. These are months of hard work. This is a solution to many issues, many of which representatives of the steel business have not previously encountered, and therefore at first they doubted that the project could be implemented in the set time frame. Doubts gave way to the desire to fulfill the dream of the people who built our city and the metallurgical plant. In 2013, Severstal veterans shared it at a meeting with the head of the steel division.
Today you have a chance to enjoy one of the best city views at Sparrow Hills and see the grand building of Moscow State University, the highest of seven Stalinist skyscrapers of Moscow. Today you also see the spectacular Cathedral of Christ the Savior and learn the story of its destruction and reconstruction. Afterward, you also drive by the Victory park, have a photo stop at the Triumphal Arch and visit the new Zaryadye Park, dubbed as the new symbol of Moscow, where you have amazing photo opportunities with the most picturesque views on the historic center of Moscow.
You are welcome to take a unique tour of the Moscow Kremlin open-air museum-reserve. During the guided tour you will have an opportunity to enjoy the historical monuments, see the trophy weapons of the war of 1812 and admire the cathedrals on the territory of the Kremlin. The Moscow Kremlin is located in the very heart of the Russian capital. Its walls and towers, gilded domes of cathedrals and magnificent palaces rise high above the Moscow River and create a splendid and majestic architectural ensemble. The Kremlin is the symbol of Russian statehood, the treasury, containing historic relics, cultural and artistic monuments. The Kremlin has always functioned as the administrative center of Russia. Nowadays the residence of the President of the Russian Federation is situated on the Kremlin territory.
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